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What are the Types of Dental Implants?

Types of Dental Implants

Dental implants are the structures which are fixed in the gums below the jaw bone so that the artificial teeth can be fitted on them to replace the missing natural teeth. In other words, they serve as a replacement for the tooth roots.

They should be carefully fitted to ensure that they enhance the normal functionality of the artificial teeth. Also, they need to be fixed by an expert so that there are no risks of instability. They are meant to help the wearer eat and speak normally. Implants are recommended for someone whose gum is proved beyond doubt to be healthy and who has adequate bone structure to support them.

Per the New York Total Dental website, it is important to have a full dental exam prior to deciding about implants. If a patient has any form of periodontal (gum) disease, that must be under control prior to implant work. Also, implants are a great choice for replacing a missing tooth because no neighboring teeth need to have any work done on them. If a patient has multiple missing teeth, implants can be used as they can support bridges, replacing several teeth.

There are two types of dental implants that are recognized in all the dental sectors. These include endosteal implants and subperiosteal implants.

Endosteal implants are fixed within the bone. The procedure involves minor surgery to access the interior of the jawbone where the implant is to be fixed. All this obviously subjects the patient to pain which compels the dentist to apply local anesthesia to numb the implant area. The procedure involves three steps: the first one being the fixation of the implant into the jawbone. When the site heals, then the post is connected to the original implant and the final one is the attaching of the artificial tooth to the post. These implants are made of titanium which enables the implant to blend with the bone naturally without feeling that there is foreign material in the body. It is the most commonly used type of implant because it is more secure and enables the wearer to feel so natural and comfortable when using it. It is even more permanent.  

Subperiosteal is a type of implant which is just fixed on top of the jawbone below the gum. When the gum heals, the metal frame is fixed to the jawbone implying that the posts protrude through the gum and then the artificial teeth are fixed on those posts. This type of implants is not as popular as the endosteal because the degree of firmness is less than that of the latter.

Despite their differences, they are still preferable to other methods of dental replacement because they are more natural and involve less risk compared to other types. These rely on the bone if they are to be used and they co-exist normally with the neighboring as well as adjacent natural teeth. What matters here is the comprehensive assessment report and recommendation from a reliable dental expert.

Other than being ideal tooth replacements, dental implants can be used to support a removable denture making it more comfortable and firm. They are also used in the form of mini-implants to serve temporarily when a certain natural tooth is not well-positioned; so they help it to move to the right position. They are thereafter removed after serving the purpose.

There is an awesome technique of implant that is used to help those who have lost all their teeth in the mouth in both the upper and lower chambers. This is “All-On-4.” In this, only four implants are used to replace all the lost teeth. They are strategically spread and securely fixed to provide some relative degree of the wearer’s ability to eat as well as speak.

All in all, implants are a great way to deal with dental problems which can only be effectively fixed through implants.


Additional Reading:-

Types of Dental Implants
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