Being a high-school, college or university student you know for sure that academic writing is not only about content and research, it is also about formatting. Formatting depends on the required style — it can be MLA, APA, Turabian, etc. The most popular formatting styles are MLA and APA. Mostly, MLA formatting style is used for college papers, and APA for university papers, however, it is not a strict rule, just our observation. Knowing the basics of these two formatting styles, you will be able to deal with most of the papers on your educational way. You don’t have to learn by heart all the rules. It is better if you know at least several formatting principles for each style and where to look for more information. It can be a cumulative website, like Purdue OWL, where hundreds of rules are gathered, or you can additionally use articles similar to this one which explains some particular rule or rules in more detail. Save them to bookmarks, and you are out of the woods with formatting and quotes especially! So…
Using Quotes Like Writing Experts
- You should quote a reputable source unless the reverse is directly required or necessary for the particular essay. It is the unspoken and sometimes clearly stated rule that you should not quote Wikipedia or cite it in any other way. Choosing quotes make sure that you use only reliable sources. You could already notice that there are thousands of quotes online which are attributed to wrong people or just taken out of a blue sky to entertain readers.
- You should limit the usage of quotations in your paper to no more than 5% of the overall amount of text (10% in some very rare cases approved by your teacher or professor).
- You can make quotes in the form of paraphrasing and summarizing. When paraphrasing you retell the authors point in your own words when summarizing you make a brief conclusion of the reading. In both cases, you MUST use in-text citations and mention the source in your work cited page. Don’t paraphrase too much — professors want to know your opinion, your vision, not the opinion of authors they have read and heard hundreds of times.
- When including a direct quotation, use quotation marks and put the in-text citation right afterward. For example, you write: Speaking about the nature of success Malcolm Gladwell mentions that: “Success is not a random act. It arises out of a predictable and powerful set of circumstances and opportunities.” (Gladwell, 2015). If you decide to paraphrase this phrase, it will look remotely as follows: According to Malcolm Gladwell (2015), success should not be seen as a result of a lucky chance, but rather as a result of coinciding events and given opportunities.
- If the quotation should be given directly, but you don’t need the whole phrase, you can shorten it, adding “…” inside, for example, Gladwell again: “Our first impressions are generated by our experiences and our environment, which means that we can change our first impressions … by changing the experiences that comprise those impressions.” (Gladwell, 2012).
- Here are some words you can use to add the citation smoothly: argues, write, demonstrate, state, suggests, observes, reveals, notes, claims, points out, conclude, etc.
These rules are basic for all the formatting styles. To add in-text citations use citation generators. Save time and bookmark this article for further usage. These tips are willingly provided by an expert writer from CheapWritingHelp academic writing service with affordable prices. When looking for a quote don’t choose the most popular one, even if you like it, try to find a saying that will reflect your work and understanding — professors love it. Good luck!